Provide first showed
up in the early fifteenth century from the classical Latin providere,
The pro- prefix means forward, while videre
means to see. To provide is to see forward, to plan ahead. The word purvey
actually comes from the same place, just a different route. It showed up in the
late thirteenth century from the Anglo French porveire/purveire and Old French porveoir, to provide. Which is also from providere. Purveying is
also seeing forward!
Guise showed up
in the late thirteenth century meaning
a style or fashion of clothes, which from there morphed into mask or disguise
in the sixteenth century. It comes from the Old French guise, manner, fashion, and was thought to be traced from the Proto
Germanicwison, appearance or
manner. So hey. Not all the words French stole were Latin. And that’s from
weid-. Disguise is also from the same place. It showed up in the fourteenth century from the Old French desguiser, with the des- being from
dis-, meaning away or off. A disguise is
away from a guise.
Yes, really. It showed up in the late fourteenth century from the Old French guider. Much like
guise, it’s Germanic in origin, from the Proto Germanic witanan, to look after or guard. The G (and I assume the G in
guise) was influenced by Old Provençal
(the dialects of the Provençal regions of France)
guidar or the Italian guidare. I guess they liked their G’s.
What should I pick on? The fact
that is promises it’s “100-%” legal? The sprout and bouquet emojis? Or that it
just says “congratulation” and that is suspicious as hell?
The dollar sign is after the number.
It’s a scam.
Except for being slightly wordy,
this one’s almost believable. You’d think Netflix would remember to capitalize
their own name, though. Also that the account I use isn’t connected to that
Not a negative item! They may have run a background check? Nooooooo! All my plans are ruined!
I can one hundred percent guarantee
you that I don’t care.
The name “Love Swans” always weirds
me out. I’ve never thought of swans as being particularly loving.
Visit showed up
in the thirteenth century from the Old Frenchvisiter and classical Latinvisitare, which just means to visit.
It’s related to videre, to see,
which I mentioned last week as being related to vision and is derived from the above
mentioned weid-. To see becoming to visit makes sense, since when you’re
visiting someone you’re going to see them, right?
showed up in the late fourteenth century from the Old French evident and
classical Latin evidentem, evident,
so we’re not seeing any big changes here either. Break it down and you have
ex-, out, and videntem, seeing or sighted and from videre.
Wise comes from the Old English wis, which just means wise so no
big leaps here. Before that it was the Proto
Germanicwissaz, which was taken
from the Proto Indo European wittos,
which is an adjective form of weid-. The other form of wise, that’s part of
words like clockwise, is also from the same place, just with a slightly
different origin, being from the Proto Germanic wison instead. There’s also wisdom, which comes from the Old English wisdom and means
wisdom (stop me if I’m going too fast for
you), and is just wis- plus a suffix that means a state of.
And don’t forget wizard, which showed
up in the early fifteenth century from the Middle
Englishwys (basically the same
as wis) and -ard, which is kind of a weird word forming element that can mean
names or pejoratives.
Finally today, advice
and advise both showed up in the late thirteenth century,
but back then advise meant to view or to consider, not taking on the current
definition until a century later, probably influenced by the fact that advice (auys, back then)
meant opinion. The words come from the Old French aviser, consider, and avis,
opinion, which instead of being a prefix and a root word is from a phrase, ço
m’est á vis, “it seems to me”. The vis part is derived from the classical
Latin word visum, which is once again
from videre, but it’s funny what a journey it went through to get here. Oh, and for the record, no, vice and vise aren’t related. That would be ridiculous.
And that’s all for this week, but no
worries. There’s plenty of more weirdness to come.
These days, we
really only know wit as a noun—someone has wit, but it’s not something they do.
But it did used to be a verb meaning “to know”, too. The noun comes from the Old Englishwitt,
where it could mean understanding, sense, or sanity. That comes from the Proto
Germanicwit-, from the Proto Indo European root weid-, to see (as in to understand or
know, which makes sense for the evolution of the word). The verb has a pretty
similar origin, coming from the Old English witan,
to know (and it could also mean to have
sex with, which I find way too amusing). In Proto Germanic the word is witanan, to have seen, and that comes
from weid- as well. Witness happens to be a mix of wit + -ness, which is a word
forming element that indicates action or a quality of something.
It’s from the Old English witnes, witness.
A witness is someone who knows something.
But there’s so
much more than that. A lot of words
come from weid-, many of them having to do with sight, appropriately enough.
Visual showed up in the early fifteenth century from the Late Latinvisus, the past participle of the
verb videre. Vision is older, having
shown up in the fourteenth century via
Frenchvisioun and Old Frenchvision. In classical Latin, the word is visionem, vision,
which is also from videre, to see.
It shouldn’t surprise anyone to learn that videre is from weid-. No explanation
as to why they switched from a W sound to a V sound, though. And fun fact,
video is one of the more recent words we’ve come across, having shown up in
1935. It was coined as the equivalent to
audio (which itself only showed up in 1934)
as people started using audio and visual transmission. It comes from the Latin video, I see,
so we were still stealing words from the so-called dead language as recent as a
hundred years ago.
showed up in the early fifteenth century as a formal inspection or survey before meaning seeing something in general. It’s
from the Anglo French vewe, view, and
Old French veue, light, look, or
vision. The verb form, veoir, means
to see, and comes from the Latin videre. So this one mostly makes sense. It’s
weird how review kind of took over the original meaning of view in English. It
actually meant an inspection of military forces when it showed up in the mid fifteenth century. It literally just
means re- (again) view. To view again.
And there are so
much more. We’ll get to those next week.
Will is a pretty common word. I know
I use it all the time. So what are its origins?
It comes from the Old Englishwillan, to wish or desire (the noun of course coming from the equivalent noun, willa). But there’s also a
form of “to will” that comes from willian,
that does mean to will. They’re all
related and frankly I didn’t even know that there was a version of will that meant
wish. In any case, all versions are descended from the Proto
Germanicwilljan, which is from
the Proto Indo Europeanwel-, to wish or to will. I guess
that explains that. Although not the word won’t. I mean, why does the i change
to an o? It was actually first recorded in the mid fifteenth century as wynnot (still makes more sense)
and then in the late sixteenth century as wonnot.
I guess that’s where the o is from, but it doesn’t explain why!
Of course there are a lot of other
words that are (weirdly) related. Benevolence for example. Really. It showed up
in the fifteenth century from the
Frenchbenevolence and classical Latinbenvolentia, goodwill.
The bene- means good and the rest comes
from volentem, wanting,
and velle, to want,
and that’s the part that’s also descended from wel-. Malevolence is pretty much
the same, just with mal- (bad) in
front instead of bene.
There are several other words that
are related that I’ve actually already etymologized, like well and would, and although I’m not going
to get back into them again, feel free to check out theirown posts.
The second someone starts ranting
about the SJWs is the second you should start running in the other direction.
Keep in mind that I am definitely
not following him at this point, but every time he posts a new fringe
conspiracy theory about men being victimized by evil woman accusing them of
sexual misconduct YouTube’s like WATCH THIS NEXT. I keep hitting “not
interested in this channel” but it won’t stop.