I’ve had these words on the brain
lately. Possibly because I keep finding them in my MS.
Shook showed up in 1891
, which is relatively recent. It comes from shake, which is much older, having shown up in the fourteenth century
It comes from the Old
, which could mean
shake, or move something, or depart
earliest language that it was known was as the Proto
. Although that
doesn’t necessarily mean that they were the one who came up with it.
Yes, these words are also connected.
Tremor showed up in the late fourteenth century
meaning terror, which seems weird, but it comes from the Old French
, which could mean terror or
quaking (I guess a tremor is something you fear). It comes from the classical Latin tremorem
which is from the verb tremere
shiver or tremble. Which brings tremble into the picture. It also showed up in
the fourteenth century
and also from the Old French, in this case trembler
It came to us from the Vulgar
, which was from
the classical Latin tremulus
), which again is derived from
tremere. Tremere can actually be traced to the Proto Indo European trem-
, to tremble, so this word has
stayed remarkably static over the millennia.
Shiver has two definitions, one that
means splinter, and the other that means shake, and as far as I can tell, they
aren’t related. The shaking shiver showed up in the fifteenth century
as an alteration of chiveren
meant shiver and showed up in the thirteenth century. Before that it’s a big
old question mark. Like shake, it just kind of appeared one day.
Shudder showed up in the early fourteenth century
, but not much is
known about where it comes from. It might be from the Middle Dutch schuderen
, to shudder, or the MiddleLow German schoderen
, both of which come from the Proto Germanic skuth
-, to shake. But that’s not for
sure, no matter how much it seems to make sense.
Quiver showed up in the late fifteenth century
and before you ask,
no, it’s not related to the thing you hold arrows in. That one is French in
origin and this one is… well, probably not. No one’s really sure where it came
from. It might be imitative, which means that people thought that shivering
sounded like quiver. Or it might be related to quaver
which is a vocal tremor. That does make sense, but as a third option it could
be from the Old English cwifer
I couldn’t find a definition for, unfortunately.