The sun had its turn, so now it’s
time for the moon.
Moon used to bemona (no, not related to the name, like at all) in Old English, and before
that it was menon- in Proto
Germanic, and then in Proto
Indo European it was me(n)ses-,
whichmeant both moon and month and of
course is where month comes from.
In fact me(n)ses comes from me-, which means “to measure”, because the phases of the moon used to be a standard of time (which you were
probably aware of; one cycle of the moon used to be one month).
Lunar showed up in the early fifteenth century meaning crescent-shaped—it
didn’t actually refer to the moon until the seventeenth century! At least, not
in English. It’s from the Old Frenchlunaire, which is from the classical Latinlunaris, relating to the moon.
Interestingly the word luna showed up before lunar, coming about in the late fourteenth century and actually meaning the moon, coming from the Roman goddess Luna.
The word can actually be traced back to the Proto Indo European leuksna-, from leuk-, light (and the origin for most light related words). And hey, the reason lunatic is
obviously related is because when it showed up in the late thirteenth century it meant someone with periodic insanity caused by the changes of the moon. In
fact it comes from the Late Latinllunaticus, moon-struck.
Selene of course is the Greek equivalent
of Luna and although English uses
the Latin goddess more, Selene still pops up in places. Selenium, for example, was named for the moon. Selene can
also be traced to the Proto Indo European swell-,
to shine or beam, and gave us the words swelter and sultry. So. You know. That’s a
You know what I miss? Being emailed
when I have comments on my blog, especially since as most of you know, that’s
how I prefer to respond to them. Now I can’t even tell if I’ve gotten a new one
unless I visit my blog to check. My life doesn’t revolve around my blog, you
know! It revolves around email, obviously, but not my blog?
What is taking google so damn long
to fix? This all started almost a month ago, when they starting “updating” the
email system, so I’m assuming this has something to do with that. It feels like
they don’t care about Blogger or the people who use it and so they’re not going
to fix it, they’re just going to say they’re fixing it and wait for everyone to
stop expecting it to be fixed. Then they’ll keep slowly breaking it until no
one uses it anymore. You know, like Microsoft.
The last I checked, they had a possible
fix posted that involved comment moderation… which I don’t have. And a bunch of
other people still aren’t getting notifications either. But do you know what
did work? That’s so freaking stupid I can’t stand it?
My comments were sent automatically
to my email, by going to Blogger/Settings/Email. So I deleted that email and
replaced it with another one (my old email address). Then it sent a “Subscribe
to comments” message to that one and I hit yes. Then I went BACK to Email and
put my normal account back in. And I got the “Subscribe to comments” email.
It works again. But how annoying. I
may have to go punch something.
Just a short one this week since
these posts have been getting pretty long lately.
The word sun comes from the Old Englishsunne, which means sun.
As you can see, it had more letters back then, as well as a slightly different
pronunciation (it would have been more like sunny). Plus because of how Old
English works it would have been a feminine word, which I just like. It comes
from the Proto
Germanicsunnon, which can be traced
back to the Proto Indo
Europeansawel-, the sun.
Solar showed up in the mid fifteenth century, which means it probably came
after sun did. It’s from the classical
from sol (sun),
which happens to also be from sawel-. So solar and sun happen to be from the
same place, just by completely different routes.
Helio- is a prefix we use to things
related to the sun, like heliocentric, or the astronomical words anthelion and
aphelion. It’s also related to the plant heliotrope and the gas helium.
Helio is from Helios, the Greek sun god and is yet another word
descended from sawel-. No, I don’t know where the S went.
TL;DR: the old word for sun is
everywhere because the sun is pretty important and it makes sense that the word
for it wouldn’t change much.
I tell myself
that I’m not going to do any more long series, but then I realize that doing a
long series means I don’t have to come up with new ideas for a while. So, you
know. There are benefits.
Anyway, this is
the last one!
up as a noun in the mid fifteenth century,
but not a verb until the early eighteenth century. Oh, and back in the
fifteenth century it meant “amount needed to complete repayment”, and when the
verb first showed up it was mostly used in Scottish English law, where it meant
fulfillment. The noun did quickly become a synonym for tool, but it’s still
quite a departure from its original meaning. It comes from the Late Latinimplementem, filling up, from the classical Latin verb implere, to complete or fulfill, a mix
of in- (in, unsurprisingly) and plere, to fill,
from the Proto Indo
Europeanpele-, to fill.
So I guess an implement is something that fulfills some purpose?
up in the fourteenth century from the
Old French torment (torture) and
classical Latin tormentum, which
could mean conflict, torture,
or anguish. It’s from the verb torquere,
to twist, from the Proto Indo
European terkw-, which also means
I can’t look at without thinking of twerking. Is twerking torture? Perhaps.
Lament showed up in the mid-fifteenth century as a verb
and in the late sixteenth as a noun, from the Middle Frenchlament and classical Latin lamentum, which means wailing.
Lamentation actually showed up earlier, in the late fourteenth century,
from the Latin lamentationem, which
also means wailing. The la-
part of it is Proto Indo European meaning shout or cry, and it’s thought to be
imitative. You know how we say a cat meows because that’s what the noise they
make sounds like? That’s what imitative means. So apparently wailing people
sound like “la”.
Moment showed up
in the mid fourteenth century from the
Old French moment and classical Latin
momentum. Which, yes, is also where
we get momentum. Momentum is
actually a contraction of the word movimentum,
which is from movere, to move,
and that’s where move comes from,
along with a bunch of other words that I’m not going to get into. Movere can be
traced back to the Proto Indo European meuǝ-,
to push away, so the origin of all movement is apparently trying to get away
up in the mid sixteenth century from
the Middle French rudiment and
classical Latin rudimentum, which
could mean beginning or raw materials and other rudimentary stuff like that. It’s
from the word rudis which means raw
liked the suffix -ment so now it’s everywhere in English.
Do you like art?
Do you like parodies? What about parodies of art? Will that work for you?
Newgrounds there’s a guy named Munguia who makes
games where you look at a caricature he drew of a well-known painting and try
to guess which painting it’s from. Some of them are easy. I mean, you’re not
going to have any trouble figuring out when it’s supposed to be the Mona Lisa.
And if you really need help, there’s also a button so you can look at the real
version of the painting. Or just, you know, google it.
Anyway, it’s a
nice way to go look at some paintings for a few hours. And more importantly, I
don’t have to think up a real post! Win-win. Here’s the links:
This is the
fifth one, right? I’m too lazy to check so I’m going with yes. Only one more
up in the fourteenth century, but
back then it only referred to earth, air, fire, and water because old timey
people didn’t know how matter worked and it wasn’t until 1813 that elements
were called elements. It’s from the classical Latinelementum, which it shouldn’t surprise
anyone that it means element,
and that was a translation of a Greek word (stoikheion,
which I’m not sure the definition of), so they didn’t come up with the concept.
Also, since “element” roughly means “first principles”, that’s why elementary
is like saying basically or rudimentary (don’t worry, we’ll get to that word,
showed up in the late thirteenth century basically meaning a will, coming from the classical Latin testamentum, which is also just will [https://translate.google.com/#la/en/testamentum].
It’s related to testari, which can
mean testify, witness, or make a will,
and testis, a witness.
It’s from the Proto Indo
Europeantri-st-i-, which means “third
person standing by”. That tri- is where we get three from!
So because a witness is a third party, that’s why we have testament. And in
regards to the Bible, the reason the two parts are called testaments is because
they were called vetus testamentum
and novum testamentum (Old/New
testament) in Late
Latin, which was a translation of what they were called in Greek, palia/kaine diatheke. Diatheke can mean
testament (like will) when translated into Latin, but it can also mean covenant
or dispensation, which was what they were actually going for there.
up in the late thirteenth century from the Old French monument and
classical Latin monumentum, which
means… monument. No big
surprise there. It’s related to the word monere,
to warn, in the sense that a
monument is supposed to be a reminder. Monere comes from the Proto Indo
European moneyo-, from men-, to think.
A monument is something you’re supposed to remember to think about.
up in the late fourteenth century from the Old
Frenchfermenter and classical
Latin fermentare, to ferment. It’s
origins beyond that are muddy, but it might be related to fervimentum and fervere, seethe
or boil. Which would make sense,
but come on. When does this ever make sense?
up in the mid sixteenth century from
the classical Latin segmentum, asegment, strip, or cutting. It’s
related to the verb secare, to cut.
So a segment is something cut from something bigger.
up in the late fourteenth century meaning “to become more severe” before it meant to make larger/greater. It’s
from the Old French augmenter and
Late Latin augmentare, to increase.
That’s from the classical Latin augmentum,
growth, and augere, to increase. The aug- is a Proto
Indo European root meaning to increase and is where we get the wonderful month of August from, too.