Incidentally, make is the word that prompted me to join the challenge, because it didn’t have enough to it for a regular post.
I have no time for when make showed up in English, just that it’s from the Old English macian, which has a variety of meanings such as make, construct, prepare, cause, behave, transform—basically all the meanings we have for make. Macian comes from the West Germanic makon, to fashion/fit, which can be traced back to the Proto Indo European mag, knead or fashion. Interestingly enough, past tense made came from the Middle English maked (which might explain how that d got there). The Old English equivalent is macod, the past participle of macian.
Tony Jebson’s page on the Origins of Old English
University of Texas at Austin Linguistic Research Center